The Khan et al. 7:1444-1448, (2011) article is featured on the cover page of the July issue of the journal "Ophthalmology".

About me

After obtaining an M.Sc. in Biochemistry from the University of Peshawar, I worked as a Scientific Officer at the National Institute of Health, Islamabad, Pakistan. I then proceeded to USA to work towards my Ph.D in the Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas, USA.

During my stay in the US I worked as a Research Assistant at the Department of Biochemistry, University of North Texas and as a Research Associate at the Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Texas College of Osteopathic Medicine, Fort Worth, Texas, USA. After completing my Ph.D. I came back to Pakistan and joined Dr. A. Q. Khan Research Laboratories as a Senior Scientific Officer and was subsequently promoted to the position of Principal Scientific Officer. From 1998 to 2001 I worked for a while, with Dr. Chris Tyler-Smith at the Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK in the lab of Prof. E.M. Southern. In 2002 I joined Shifa College of Medicine as Assistant Professor of Biochemistry and in 2003 was promoted to the post of Associate Professor & also appointed as the Director of PCR Labs. .....Read more

My Publications



A complex microcephaly syndrome in a Pakistani family associated with a novel missense mutation in RBBP8 and a heterozygous deletion in NRXN1.

Agha, Z., Iqbal, Z., Azam, M., Siddique, M., Willemse, M.H., Kleefstra, T., Zweier, C., de Leeuw, N., Qamar, R. and van Bokhoven, H. Gene, 538:30-35: (2014).

The molecular basis of retinal dystrophies in Pakistan. 

Khan, M.I., Azam, M., Ajmal, M., H., Collin, R.W.J., den Hollander, A.I., Cremers, F.P.M. and Qamar, R.   Genes, (2014) doi:10.3390/genes50x000x

Comprehensive registration of DNA sequence variants associated with inherited retinal diseases in Leiden Open Variation Databases.

Cremers, F.P.M., den Dunnen, J.T., Ajmal, M., Hussain, A., Preising, M., Daiger, S.T. and Qamar, R. Human Mutation,Vol: 35, Issue: 1, 147-148 (2014).

Next generation sequencing-based molecular diagnosis of retinitis pigmentosa: identification of a novel genotype-phenotype correlation and clinical refinements.

Wang, F., Wang, H., Tuan, H-F., Nguyen, D.H., Sun, V., Keser, V., Bowne, S.J., Sullivan, L.S., Luo, H., Zhao, L., Wang, X., Zaneveld, J.E., Salvo, J.S., , S., Mao, L., Wheaton, D.K., Birch, D.G., Branham, K.E., Heckenlively, J.R., Wen, C., Flagg, K., Ferreyra, H., Khan, A., Ren, H., Wang, K., Lopez, I., Qamar, R., Zenteno, J.C., Ayala-Ramirez, , Fu, Q., Simpson, D.A., Li, Y., Sui, R., Silvestri, G., Daiger, S.P., Koenekoop, R.K., Zhang, K. and Chen, R.   Human Genetics, 133:331-345 (2014)


Common variants at 8q24 confer susceptibility to urothelial bladder cancer in the Pakistani population.

Ali, S.H.B., Younis, M., Bangash, K.S., Rauf, A., Anwar, K., Khurram, R., Khawaja, M.A., Qureshi, A.A., Akhter, S., Azam, M., Kiemeney, L.A. and Qamar, R.  Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 45:1501-1509 (2013).

Novel mutation in AAA domain of BCS1L causing Bjornstad syndrome.

Siddiqi, S., Siddiq, S., Mansoor, A., Oostrik, J., Ahmad, N., Kazmi, S.A.R., Kremer, H., Qamar, R. and Schraders, M.   Journal of Human Genetics, 58:819-821 (2013).

Screening of a large cohort of Leber congenital amaurosis and retinitis pigmentosa patients identifies novel LCA5 mutations and new genotype-phenotype correlations.

Mackay, D.S., Borman, A.D., Sui, R., van den Born, L.I.I., Berson, E.L., Ocaka, L.A., Davidson, A.E., Heckenlively, J.R., Branham, K., Ren, H., Lopez, I., Maria, M., Azam, M., Henkes, A., Blokland, E., [LCA5 Study Group: Andreasson, S., de Baere, E., Bennett, J., Berger, W., Golovleva, I., Greenberg, J., den Hollander, A.I., Klaver C.W.C., Klevering, B.J., Preising, M., Roberts, L., Roepman, R., Rohrscheider, K., Wissinger, B.], Qamar, R., Webster, A.R., Cremers, F.P.M., Moore, A.T. and Koenekoop, R.K.   Human Mutation, 34:1537-1546 (2013).

The genetic spectrum of Familial Hypercholesterolemia in Pakistan. 

Ahmed, W., Whittall, R., Riaz, M., Ajmal, M., Sadeque, A., Ayub, H., Qamar, R. and Humphries, W.R. Clinica Chimica Acta, 421:219-225 (2013).

Genetic Associations of Psoriasis in a Pakistani Population.

Shaiq, P. A., Stuart, P.E., Latif, A., Schmotzer, C., Kazmi, A.H., Khan, M.S., Azam, M., Tejasvi, T., Voorhess, J.J., Raja G.K., Elder, J.T., Qamar R. and Nair, R.P.  British Journal of Dermatology, 169:406-411 (2013).

Association of Pro12Ala polymorphism in PPARγ with proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

Tariq, K., Malik, S.B., Ali, S.H.B., Maqsood, S.E., Azam, A., Muslim, I., Khan, M.S., Azam, M., Waheed, N.K. and Qamar, R.    Molecular Vision, 19:710-717 (2013).

Exome sequencing identifies a novel and a recurrent BBS1 mutation in Pakistani families with Bardet-Biedl syndrome.

Ajmal, M, Khan, M.I., Neveling, K., Tayyab, A., Jaffar, S., Sadeque, A., Ayub, H., Abbasi, N.M., Riaz, M., Micheal, S., Gilissen, C., Ali, S.H.B., Azam, M., Collin, R.W.J., Cremers, F.P.M. and Qamar, R.    Molecular Vision, 19:644-653 (2013).

Polymorphisms in matrix metalloproteinases MMP1 and MMP9 are associated with primary open-angle and angle closure glaucoma in the Pakistani population.

Micheal, S., Yousaf, S., Khan, M.I., Akhtar, F., Islam, F., Khan, W.A., den Hollander, A.I., Qamar, R. and Ahmed A. Molecular Vision, 19:441-447 (2013).

A novel homozygous 10 nucleotide deletion in BBS10 causes Bardet-Biedl syndrome in a Pakistani family.

Agha, Z., Iqbal, Z., Azam, M., Hoefsloot, L.H., van Bokhoven, H., and Qamar, R.   Gene, 519:177-181 (2013).

Association of ANRIL polymorphism (rs1333049:C>G) with myocardial infarction and its pharmacogenomic role in hypercholesterolemia.

Ahmed, W., Ali, I.S., Riaz, M., Younas, A., Sadeque, A., Niazi, A.K., Niazi, S.H., Ali, S.H.B., Azam, M. and Qamar, R.   Gene, 515:416-420 (2013).

Landslide Dam and Subsequent Dam-Break Flood Estimation Using HEC-RAS Model in Northern Pakistan.

Butt, M.J., Umar, M. and Qamar, R.   Natural Hazards, 65:241-254 (2013).

Homozygosity mapping identifies genetic defects in four consanguineous families with retinal dystrophy from Pakistan.

Khan, M.I., Ajmal, M., Micheal, S., Azam, M., Hussain, A., Shahzad, A., Venselaar, H., Bokhari, H., de Wijs, I.J.,. Hoefsloot, L.H., Waheed, N.K., Collin, R.W.J., den Hollander, A.I., Qamar, R. and Cremers, F.P.M.   Clinical Genetics, 84:290-293 (2013).


Missense mutation in LAMA3 associated with Herlitz (generalized) Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa in a Pakistani family.

Shaiq, P. A., Klausegger, A., Latif, A., Bauer, J. W., Qamar R. and Raja G. K.   Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 44:1697-1702 (2012).

The PlantProm DB: Recent Updates.

Shahmuradov, I., Mustafayev, N., Abdulazimova, A., Akbarova, Y., Khan, F.Z., Qamar, R., Solovyev, V. and Aliyev, J.  Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology (iCBEB), 2012 International Conference, DOI: 10.1109/iCBEB.2012.433. 612-614 (2012).

Prevalence of Hepatitis C Virus in Urban Ghettos of the twin cities.

Satti, R., Mustafa, F., Imran, M.I., Haq. T., Khan, Z., Zubair, M., Bilal, I., Rasool, T., Azam, M., Ajmal, M. and Qamar, R. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 44:937-943 (2012).

Identification of a novel FBN1 gene mutation in a large Pakistani family with Marfan syndrome.

Micheal, S., Khan, M.I., Akhtar, F., Weiss, M.M., Islam, F., Ali, M., Qamar, R. Maugeri, A. and den Hollander, A.I.Molecular Vision, 18:1918-1926 (2012).

Novel mutations in RDH5 cause fundus albipunctatus in two consanguineous Pakistani families.

Ajmal, M, Khan, M.I., Neveling, K., Khan, Y.M., Ali, S.H.B., Ahmed, W., Iqbal, M.S., den Hollander, A.I., Collin, R.W.J, Qamar, R., Cremers, F.P.M.    Molecular Vision, 18:1558-1571 (2012).

A nonsense mutation in SAG (p.Glu306*) causes Oguchi disease.

Waheed, N.K., Hassaan, A., Naveed, S., Maria, M., Cremers, F.P.M., Azam, M. and Qamar, R.   Molecular Vision, 18:1253-1254 (2012).

Identification of recurrent and novel mutations in TULP1 in Pakistani families with early-onset retinitis pigmentosa. 

Ajmal, M, Khan, M.I., Micheal, S., Ahmed, W., Shah, A., Venselaar, H., Bokhari, H., Azam, A., Waheed, N.K., Collin, R.W.J, den Hollander, A.I., Qamar, R., Cremers, F.P.M.  Molecular Vision,18:1226-1237 (2012)

Role of Lysyl oxidase-like 1 gene polymorphisms in Pakistani patients with pseudoexfoliative glaucoma.

Micheal, S., Khan, M.I., Akhtar, F., Ali, M., Ahmed, A. den Hollander, A.I., and Qamar, R.    Molecular Vision, 18:1040-1044 (2012).

Novel and recurrent LDLR gene mutations in Pakistani hypercholesterolemia patients.

Ahmed W, Ajmal M, Sadeque A, Whittall, R.A., Rafiq, S., Putt, W., Khawaja, A., Imtiaz, F., Ahmed N., Azam, M., Humphries, S.E. and Qamar R.   Molecular Biology Reports, 39:7365-7372 (2012).

Founder mutation c.676insC in three unrelated kindler syndrome families belonging to a particular clan from Pakistan.

Shaiq, P. A., Klausegger, A., Muzzaffar, F., Latif, A., Bauer, J. W., Imran, M., Khanum, A., Qamar R. and Raja G. K.  The Journal of Dermatology,  39:640-641 (2012).

Compound heterozygous mutations p.Q1530X and 6103delG in COL7A1 causing recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa in a Pakistani family.

Shaiq, P. A., Klausegger, A., Bauer, J. W., Azam, M., Raja G. K. and Qamar R.

The Journal of Dermatology 39:472-474 (2012).


Identification of novel mutations in Pakistani families with autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa.

Azam, M., Collin, R.W.J., Malik, A., Khan, M.I., Shah, S.T.A., Shah, A.A., Hussain, A., Sadeque, A., Kntar Arimadyo, K., Ajmal, M., Azam, A., Qureshi, N., Bokhari, H., Strom, T.M., Cremers, F.P.M., Qamar, R. and den Hollander, A.I. Archives of Ophthalmology, 129:1377-1378 (2011)

The development of computational biology in Pakistan: still a long way to go.

Ilyas, M., Sadique, S., Masood, K., Qamar, R. and Chohan, S.N. PLoS Computational Biology, 7:e1001135, (2011).

XRCC1 and XPD DNA repair gene polymorphisms: A potential risk factor for glaucoma in Pakistani population.

Yousaf, S., Imran, M., Michael, S., Akhter, F., Ali, S.H.B., Riaz, M., Ali, M., Lall, P., Waheed, N.K., den Hollander, A.I., Ahmed, A. and Qamar, R. Molecular Vision, 17:1153-1163 (2011).


A novel pathogenic nonsense triple-nucleotide mutation in the Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor gene and its clinical correlation with Familial Hypercholesterolemia.  

Akhter N., Sadeque A., Khalid A., Ali S.H.B., Ahmed N., Azam, M. and Qamar R.  Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers,15:601-606 (2011).

CLRN1 mutations cause non-syndromic retinitis pigmentosa.          

Khan, M.I., Kersten, F.F.J., Azam, M., Collin, R.W.J., Hussain, A., Shah, S.T.A., Keunen, J.E.E., Kremer, H., Cremers, F.P.M., Qamar R., and den Hollander, A.I.  Ophthalmology, 7:1444-1448, (2011).


Antimicrobial Resistant Escherichia coli Strains Isolated from Food Animals in Pakistan. 

Idress, M., Shah, M.A., Michael, S., Qamar, R. and Bokhari, H.   

Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 43:303-310 (2011).


Characterization of Y-chromosomal Short Tandem Repeat Markers in the Pakistani Populations

Siddiqi, S., Mansoor, A., Usman, S., Nasir, M., Khan, K.M. and Qamar, R.Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers,15:165-172 (2011).


Role of tissue plasminogen activator and plasminogen activator inhibitor polymorphism in Myocardial Infarction. 

Ahmed, W., Malik, M., Khan, AA., Saeed, I., Sadeque, A., Kaleem, U., Ajmal, M., Azam, M and Qamar R. 

Molecular Biology Reports, 38:2541-8 (2011).


Missense mutations at homologous positions in the 4th and 5th laminin A G-like domains of EYS are associated with autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa.

Khan, M.I., Collin, R.W.J., Arimadyo, K., Micheal, S., Azam, M., den Hollander, A.I., Qamar R., and Cremers, F.P.M.  

Molecular Vision, 16:2753-2759 (2010).


POLYAR, a new computer program for prediction of poly(A) sites in human sequences.

Akhtar, M.N., Bukhari, S.A., Fazal, Z., and Qamar, R. and Shahmuradov, I.A.  

BMC Genomics, 11:646 (2010).


The Association of Glutathione-S-transferase GSTT1 and GSTM1 gene polymorphism with Pseudoexfoliative Glaucoma in a Pakistani population.

Khan, M.I, Micheal, S., Akhter, F., Ahmed, W., Ejaz, B., Ahmed, A., and Qamar, R.  

Molecular Vision, 16:2146-2152


Virulence factors profile of drug-resistant Escherichia coli isolates from urinary tract infections in Punjab, Pakistan.

Idress, M., Mussarat, U., Badshah, Y., Qamar, R. and Bokhari, H.   

European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, 29:1533-1537 (2010).


Mutations in the IMPG2, encodinginterphotoreceptor matrix proteoglycan 2, cause autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa.

Bandah-Rozenfeld, D., Collin, R.W.J., Banin, E., L. van den Born, I., Coene, K.L.M., Siemiatkowska, A.M., Zelinger, L., Khan, M.I., Lefeber, D.J., Erdinest, I., Testa, F., Simonelli, F., Voesenek. K., Blokland, E.A.W., Strom, T.M., Klaver, C.C.W., Qamar, R., Banfi, S., Cremers, F.P.M., Sharon, D., den Hollander, A.I.  

American Journal of Human Genetics, 87:199-208  (2010).


Mono- and Bi-Cistronic Chimeric mRNAs in Arabidopsis and Rice Genomes.

Shahmuradov, I.A., Abdulazimova, A.U., Solovyev, V.V., Qamar, R., Chohan, S.N. and Aliyev, J.A.

Applied and Computational Mathematics, 9:Special Issue, 66-81 (2010).


Novel CNGA3 and CNGB3 mutations in two Pakistani families with achromatopsia.

Azam, M., Collin, R.W.J., Shah, S.T.A., Khan, M.I., Sadeque, A., Shah, A.A., Strom, T.M., Thiadens, A.A.H.J., Roosing, S., den Hollander, A.I., Cremers, F.P.M. and Qamar, R. 

Molecular Vision, 16:774-781 (2010).


Patients HLA DRB1* and DQB1* allele and haplotype association with Hepatitis C virus persistence and clearance.

Ali, L., Mansoor, A., Ahmad, N., Siddiqi, S., Mazhar, K., Muazzam, A.G., Qamar, R. and Khan K.M.  

Journal of General Virology 91:1931-1938 (2010).


Further considerations in investigating the association of ABO and Rh (D) blood groups with glaucoma—Author reply.

Qamar, R.

Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology, 45:178 (2010).

Identification of a recurrent insertion mutation in the LDLR gene in a Pakistani family with autosomal dominant hypercholesterolemia.

Ajmal M., Ahmed W., Sadeque A., Ali SHB., Bukhari SH., Ahmed N., Qamar R. 

Molecular Biology Reports, 37:3869-75 (2010).


A novel familial BBS12 mutation associated with a mild phenotype: implications for clinical and molecular diagnostic strategies.

Pawlik B., Mir A., Iqbal H., Li Y., Nürnberg G., Becker C., Qamar R., Nürnberg, P., Wollnik B.  

Molecular Syndromology, 1:27-34 (2010).


Association of eNOS and HSP70 gene polymorphism with Glaucoma.

Ayub, H., Imran, M., Michael, S., Akhter, F., Ajmal, M., Shafique, S., den Hollander, A.I., Ahmed, A., Qamar, R.

Molecular Vision, 16:18-25 (2010).



Association of Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha gene polymorphism G-308A with Pseudoexfoliative Glaucoma in Pakistani population.

Khan, M.I., Micheal, S., Rana, N., Akhtar, F., den Hollander, A.I., Ahmed, A., Qamar, R.   

Molecular Vision, 15:2861-2867 (2009).


A homozygous p.Glu150Lys mutation in the opsin gene of two Pakistani families with autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa.

Azam, M., Khan, M.I., Gal, A., Hussain, A., Shah, S.T.A., Khan, M.S., Sadeque, A., Bokhari, H., Collin, R.W.J., Orth, U., van Genderen,M.M., den Hollander, A.I., Cremers, F.P.M. and Qamar, R. 

Molecular Vision, 15:2526-2534 (2009).


MTHFR Gene C677T and A1298C Polymorphisms and Homocysteine Levels in Primary Open Angle and Primary Closed Angle Glaucoma.

Micheal, S., Qamar, R., Akhtar, F., Khan, M.I., Khan, W.A. and Ahmed, A.  

Molecular Vision, 15:2268-2278 (2009).


Association of ABO Blood Groups with Glaucoma in the Pakistani Population.

Khan, M.I., Micheal, S., Akhtar, F., Naveed, A., Ahmed, A., Qamar, R.  

Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology, 44:582-586 (2009).


A novel mutation in GRK1 causes Oguchi disease in a consanguineous Pakistani family.

Azam, M., Collin, R.W.J., Khan, M.I., Shah, S.T.A., Qureshi, N., Ajmal, M., den Hollander, A.I., Qamar, R. and Cremers, F.P.M.  

Molecular Vision, 15:1788-1793 (2009).



VNTR Polymorphism of the DRD4 Locus in Different Pakistani Ethnic Groups.

Mansoor, A., Mazhar, K. and Qamar, R.  

Genetic Testing, 12(2):299-304 (2008).


C677T polymorphism in the methylenetetrahydrofolatereductase gene is associated with primary closed angle glaucoma.

Michael, S., Qamar, R., Akhtar, F., Khan, W.A, Ahmed, A.  

Molecular Vision, 14:661-665 (2008).



Molecular evidence for the Presence of huanglongbing in Pakistan.

Chohan, S.N., Qamar, R., Sadiq, I., Azam, M., Holford, P., Beattie, A., 

Australasian Plant Disease Notes, 2, 37-38 (2007).



The genetic legacy of the Mongols.

Zerjal, T., Xue, Y., Wells, S.P., Bao, W., Zhu, S., Qamar, R., Ayub, Q., Mohyuddin, A., Fu, S., Huang, C., Chen, B., Huang, X., Shi, Z., Wang, Q., Liu, A., Zhang, Y., Yang, H., Li, P., Yuldasheva, N., Ruzibakiev, R., Xu, J., Shu, Q., Du, R., Yang, H., Hurles, M., Robinson, E., Gerelsaikhan, T., Dashnyam, B., Mehdi, S.Q and Tyler-Smith, C.  

American Journal of Human Genetics, 72(3), 717-721 (2003).




Y chromosomal DNA variation in Pakistan.

Qamar, R., Ayub, Q., Mohyuddin, A., Helgason, A., Khaliq, S., Mazhar, K., Mansoor, A., Zerjal, T., Tyler-Smith, C. and Mehdi, S.Q.  

American Journal of Human Genetics, 70(5), 1107-1124 (2002).



Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in Pakistani populations.

Mohyuddin, A., Ayub, Q., Qamar, R., Zerjal, T., Helgason A., Mehdi, S.Q. and Tyler-Smith C.  

Forensic Science International, 118 (2-3), 141-146 (2001).


Y-chromosome lineages trace diffusion of people and languages in southwestern Asia.

Quintana-Murci, L., Krausz C., Zerjal, T., Sayar, SH., Hammer, MF., Mehdi, S.Q., Ayub, Q., Qamar, R., Mohyuddin, A., Radhakrishna, U., Jobling, MA., Tyler-Smith, C. and McElreavey, M.  

American Journal of Human Genetics, 68, 537-542 (2001).



(p)53 mutations, polymorphisms, and haplotypes in Pakistani ethnic groups and breast cancer patients.

Khaliq, S., Hameed, A., Khaliq, T., Ayub, Q., Qamar, R., Mohyuddin, A., Mazhar, K. and Mehdi, S.Q.  

Genetic Testing, 4:(1) 23-29 (2000).


Identification and characterisation of novel human Y-chromosomal microsatellites from sequence database information.

Ayub Q, Mohyuddin, A., Qamar, R., Mazhar, K., Zerjal, T., Mehdi, S.Q. and Tyler-Smith, C.  

Nucleic Acids Res., 28(2): 7, e8, i-v (2000).


A polymorphic L1 retroposon insertion in the centromere of the human Y chromosome.

Santos FR, Pandaya, A., Kayser, M., Mitchell, R.J., Liu, A., Singh, L., Destro-Bisol, G., Novelletto, A., Qamar, R., Mehdi, S.Q., Adhikari, R., Clegg, J., de Knijff P. and Tyler-Smith, C.  

Human Mol. Genetics, 9(3) 421-430 (2000).



HLA polymorphisms in ethnic groups from Pakistan.

Mohyuddin, A., Ayub, Q., Qamar, R., Khaliq, S., Mansoor, A. and Mehdi, S.Q.  

Transplantation Proceedings, 31: (8) 3350-3351 (1999).

African and Levantine Origins of YAP+ Y chromosomes in Pakistani Ethnic Groups.

Qamar, R., Ayub, Q., Khaliq, S., Karafet, T., Mehdi, S. Q. and Hammer, M. F.  

Human Biology, 71: 745-755 (1999).



The Spectrum of Mutations in b-Thalassaemic Patients and Carriers from Punjab and N.W.F.P. in Pakistan.

Mansoor, A., Ayub, Q., Talat, A. and Qamar, R. (1998).  

Natural Product Letters, 12(3): 199-207 (1998).


Network Analysis of Y-Chromosome Types in Europe, North Africa and West Asia Reveal Specific Patterns of Geographical Distribution.

Malaspina, P., Cruciani, F., Ciminelli, B., Terrenato, L., Santolamazza, P., Alonso, A., Baniko, J., Brdicka, R., Garcia, O., Gaudiano, C., Guanti, G., Kidd, K. K., Lavinha, J., Avila, M., Mandich, P., Moral, P., Qamar, R., Mehdi, S. Q., Ragusa, A., Stefanescu, G., Caraghin, M., Tyler-Smith, C., Scozzari, R. and Novelletto, A. 

American J. Human Genetics, 63, 847-860 (1998).



Differential Structuring of Human Populations for Homologous X and Y Microsatellite Loci.

Scozzari, R., Cruciani, F., Malaspina, P., Santolamazza, P., Ciminelli. B., Torroni, A., Modiano, D., Wallace, D. C., Kidd, K. K., Olckers, A., Moral, P., Terrenato, L., Akar, N., Qamar, R., Mansoor, A., Mehdi, S. Q., Meloni, G., Vona. G., Cole, D. E. C., Cai, W and Novelletto, A. 

American J. Human Genetics, 61, 719-733 (1997).



Synthesis and Separation of a Diastereomeric Pair of Phosphonopeptide Inhibitors of the Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinase Catalytic Subunit.

Yang, C., Qamar, R., Norton, S. J. and Cook, P. F.  

Tetrahedron 50, 1919-1926 (1994).




pH Dependence of the Kinetic Mechanism of the Adenosine 3',5'-Monophosphate Dependent Protein Kinase Catalytic Subunit in the Direction of Magnesium Adenosine 5'-Diphosphate Phosphorylation.

Qamar, R., Cook, P. F.  

Biochemistry, 32, 6802-6806 (1993).

A Method for Counting Active Sites of Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinase.

McClure, G. D., Jr., Qamar, R., Cook, P. F.  

Journal of Enzyme Inhibition, 7, 151-157 (1993).



Dependence of the Kinetic Mechanism of Adenosine 3',5'-Monophosphate Dependent Protein Kinase Catalytic Subunit in the Direction of Magnesium Adenosine 5'-Diphosphate Phosphorylation on pH and the Concentration of Free Magnesium

Qamar, R. 

[II] Ions.  Ph.D. Dissertation, University of North Texas, Denton Texas, U.S.A (1992).


Kinetic Mechanism of the Adenosine 3',5'-Monophosphate Dependent Protein Kinase Catalytic Subunit in the Direction of  Magnesium Adenosine 5'-Diphosphate Phosphorylation.

Qamar, R., Yoon, M.-Y., Cook, P. F.  

Biochemistry, 37, 9986-9992 (1992).



The Genetic Characterization of Familial Hypercholesterolemia in Pakistan.

Rafiq, S., Ahmed, N. Soutar, A. and Qamer, R. 

Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 7:21-25 (2011).


Does gender have an effect in the Prevalence of types of glaucoma in Pakistani population?

Akhtar, F., Micheal, S., Khan, M. I., Yousaf, S., Bilal, M., Ahmed, A., Qamar R.

Al-Shifa Journal of Ophthalmology, 6:30-36 (2010).


Y-Chromosomal Deletions − a Risk Factor for Male Infertility.

Siddiqi, S., Siddiq, A., Majeed, K., Mansoor, A., Qamer, R., Mazhar, K., Ashraf, N., Kafeel, S., Khanum, A. and Khan, K.M.  

International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 11, 110-112 (2009).



Genetic Studies of Familial Hypercholesterolemia: A Review.

Rafiq, S., Ahmed, N. and Qamer, R.   

International Journal of Biology and Biotechnology.  5, 163-167 (2008).



Wheat Genomics: Challenges and Alternative Strategies.

Hussain, S. S. and Qamar, R.   

Proceedings of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences.  44, 305-327 (2007).



Characterization of Mutations in the Beta-Globin Gene of Thalassemia Patients and Carriers.

Mansoor, A., Qamar, R., Hasnain, S. S., Hameed, A., Khaliq, S., Mehdi, S. Q.  

Proceedings of the Second National Symposium on Health Care and Social Development, 63-67 (1997).


Autosomal Recessive Retinitis Pigmentosa Locus Maps Proximal to DIS53: Mutations in the Rhodopsin and Peripherin/RDS genes in Pakistani Population.

Younas, F., Mohyuddin, A., Ismail, M., Qamar, R., Hasnain, S. S., Khaliq, S., Hameed, A., Weber, J. L., Mehdi, S. Q., Gal, A.  

Proceedings of the Second National Symposium on Health Care and Social Development, 52-56 (1997).


The Genetics of Breast Cancer Susceptibility in Pakistan.

Hameed, A., Khaliq, S., Khaliq, T., Qamar, R., Mehdi, S. Q. 

Proceedings of the Second National Symposium on Health Care and Social Development, 68-71 (1997).

Gene Mutaitons: The Clinical and Evolutionary History of Man.

Mehdi, S. Q., Ayub, Q., Hammed, A., Khaliq, S., Mansoor, A., Mohyuddin, A., Qamar, R., Hammer, M.F. and Cavalli-Sforza, L.L.  

Proceedings of the 8th National Chemistry Conference 2-4 September, p. 5-6 (1997).



Chloride, Fluoride and Iodide Determination in the Drinking Water of Hazara Division, N.W.F.P.

Qamar, R.  

M.Sc. Thesis, University of Peshawar, N.W.F.P. Pakistan (1985).

Book Chapters

Y-chromosomal DNA variation and human population history.

Tyler-Smith, C., Zerjal, T., Xue, Y., Wells, R.S., Bao, W., Zhu, S., Qamar, R., Ayub, Q., Mohyuddin, A., Fu, S., Li, P., Du, R., Yang, H., Mehdi, S.Q., Yuldasheva, N., Ruzibakiev, R., Hurles, M.E., Robinson, E., Gerelsaikhan, T., Dashnyam, B.  

International Congress Series: Progress in Forensic Genetics 9, Vol. 1239, B. Brinkmann and A Caffacedo (eds) Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, pp281-2 (2003).


Perspectives on Human Genome Diversity within Pakistan using Y Chromosomal and Autosomal Microsatellite Markers.  In “Biodiversity: Biomolecular Aspects of Biodiversity and Innovative Utilization”

Mehdi, S. Q., Ayub, Q., Qamar, R., Mohyuddin, A., Mansoor, A., Mazhar, K., Hameed, A., Ismail, M., Rahman, S., Siddiqui, S., Khaliq, S., Papaioannou, M., Tyler-Smith C. and Cavalli-Sforza, L. L.   Sener, B. ed. 

Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.  NY., pp 35-47 (2002).


The Origins of Pakistani Populations: Evidence from Y Chromosome Markers.  In “Genomic Diversity: Applications in Human Population Genetics”

Mehdi S. Q, Qamar, R., Ayub, Q., Khaliq, S., Mansoor, A., Ismail, M., Hammer, M.F., Underhill, P.A. and Cavalli-Sforza, L. L. .  SS Papiha and R Deka,

eds.  Plenum Press. NY., pp. 83-90 (1999).


The use of Y-chromosomal DNA variation to investigate population history: recent male spread in Asia and Europe.  In “Genomic Diversity: Applications in Human Population Genetics”.

Zerjal T, Pandya, A., Santos, F.R., Adhikari, R., Tarazona, E., Beckman, L., Kayser, M., Evgrafov, O., Singh, L., Thangaraj, K., Destro-Bisol, G., Thomas, M.G., Qamar, R., Mehdi, S.Q., Rosser, Z. H., Hurles, M.E., Jobling, M. A. and Tyler-Smith, C. SS Papiha and R Deka,

eds.  Plenum Press. NY., pp. 91-93 (1999).


The genetic history of Pakistani ethnic groups in a global context.  In “Natural Product Chemistry at the Turn of the Century”.

Mehdi, S. Q., Qamar, R., Ayub, Q., Khaliq, S., Mansoor, A., M., Hameed, Mohyuddin, A., Ismail, M., Karafat, T., Oefner, P.J., Davis, R.W., Underhill, P.A., and Cavalli-Sforza, L.L.   Atta-ur-Rahman, Choudhary, M.I., Khan, K.M.

(eds.) Gordon Breach Publishers, Amsterdam, p513-520 (1999)


Clinical and Evolutionary Genetics of Pakistani Populations.  ICGEB 10th Anniversary Symposium.

Mehdi, S. Q., Qamar, R., Khaliq, S., Mohyuddin, A., Mansoor, A., Ismail, M., Hameed, A., Ayub, Q., Sun, B., Underhill, P., Cavalli-Sforza, L.L. and Jin, L.  

Molecular Biology and Biotechnology for Development.  25-27 November 1997, ICGEB-Trieste, Italy, p61-63 (1997).


HLA Class I polymorphism in different Pakistani ethnic groups.  In “HLA-vol 1, Anthropology: contribution of HLA”.

Mehdi, S.Q., Mohyuddin, A., Qamar R. and Khaliq, S. 

INPA (India and Pakistan) regional report:   D Charron ed.  EDK Publishers, EDK Med and Sci Int. UK., pp. 321-322 (1997).


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